**Course: CA Foundation; Topic: Ratio**

**Learning Objective: **

**What is antecedent and consequent in ratios?**

**Concept:**

**If p and q are two quantities of the same kind, then the fraction p/q is called the ratio of p to q.****The quantities p and q are called terms of the ratio.****The first term p is called antecedent.****The second term q is called consequent.**

**Exercise 1A, Question 2, CA Foundaton Study Material**

**Question: The ratio of two quantities is 3 : 4. If the antecedent is 15, the consequent is …? **

**𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐀) : 16****𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐁) : 60****𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐂) : 22****𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐃) : 20**

**Solution Video:**

**Exercise 1A, Question 3, CA Foundaton Study Material**

**Question: The ratio of the quantities is 5 : 7. If the consequent of its inverse ratio is 5, the antecedent is …?**

**𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐀) : 5**

**𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐁) : √5**

**𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐂) : 7**

**𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 (𝐃) : None of these**